The term "biodegradable" has been used over the past few years, to describe plastics or packaging that could potentially be metabolized by microorganisms in nature, with complete breakdown to CO2/Methane, water and biomass. However, there is significant confusion and controversy surrounding biodegradable plastics since many suppliers have used the term to loosely describe their material/packaging without specifying the conditions under which the material would degrade in nature. For instance, some plastics (like PLA) will only degrade under industrial composting conditions, while some others (like PHA) can break down under a wider range of conditions and environments (industrial, backyard, marine). Given this widespread confusion and the misuse of the "biodegradable" term, many global government and industry organizations have issued guidelines to restrict or eliminate the unqualified use of biodegradable as a descriptor of plastics or packaging. These include the European Commission guidelines (European Plastics Strategy) and the Federal Trade Commission Green Guides in the US.
In line with such guidelines, Ubuntoo's recommends that companies providing biodegradable materials, products or packaging:
1.Avoid unqualified use of the term "biodegradable" to describe their products
2.Any claim of biodegradability should be accompanied by a description of specific conditions and environments under which the material or product will undergo degradation in nature
3.It is strongly recommended that companies provide globally accepted certifications or testing for various biodegradability claims (such as the BPA certification for industrial composting)
Further in line with the position articulated by the European Commission as well as major CPG companies, Ubuntoo recommends that "biodegradable" plastics should not be considered a solution for littering (or worse a license to litter). Appropriate collection and end-of-life solutions (such as industrial composting or home composting) need to be put into place to avoid biodegradable plastics ending up as litter in the environment.
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Evreka is a software & hardware company which provides end-to-end optimized waste collection solutions for city governments and waste management companies.
Evreka works together with municipalities and private waste collection companies to optimize their waste collection processes with smart container fill-level monitoring sensor and in-house developed smart routing software. The system eliminates unnecessary container visits, decreases fuel usage and carbon emission.
Evreka sensors developed with the latest technology can be easily mounted on garbage bins and accurately measure the fill rates before sending to cloud using m2m technology. These rates are stored in their system to track all garbage bins on any time. Every day, these rates are processed in forecasting algorithm to decide which bins need to be visited. Forecasting algorithms help to generate the optimized routes.
Garbage bins that are determined with the help of forecasting algorithm are visited and wastes are collected in the most efficient way. Optimized routes can be reached and evaluated on both desktop and mobile devices 24/7. Detailed analysis reports including overall service information, cost reduction improvement and decrease in emission of harmful gasses are provided within specific time intervals. The collected information from all over the city is processed to get the efficient daily collection routes. These daily routes are transferred to the navigation devices easily used by drivers. By this way, drivers follow the efficient routes and stop for only necessary locations. This saves time and energy, decreases CO2 emission and waste collection costs up to 55%.
The company was co-founded by Umutcan Duman, Mehmet Pancaroglu and Berkay Akcora in 2014, and is based in Ankara. They have given many high profile interviews to magazines like Fine Print, and attend international Fairs and Exhibition.