The term "biodegradable" has been used over the past few years, to describe plastics or packaging that could potentially be metabolized by microorganisms in nature, with complete breakdown to CO2/Methane, water and biomass. However, there is significant confusion and controversy surrounding biodegradable plastics since many suppliers have used the term to loosely describe their material/packaging without specifying the conditions under which the material would degrade in nature. For instance, some plastics (like PLA) will only degrade under industrial composting conditions, while some others (like PHA) can break down under a wider range of conditions and environments (industrial, backyard, marine). Given this widespread confusion and the misuse of the "biodegradable" term, many global government and industry organizations have issued guidelines to restrict or eliminate the unqualified use of biodegradable as a descriptor of plastics or packaging. These include the European Commission guidelines (European Plastics Strategy) and the Federal Trade Commission Green Guides in the US.
In line with such guidelines, Ubuntoo's recommends that companies providing biodegradable materials, products or packaging:
1.Avoid unqualified use of the term "biodegradable" to describe their products
2.Any claim of biodegradability should be accompanied by a description of specific conditions and environments under which the material or product will undergo degradation in nature
3.It is strongly recommended that companies provide globally accepted certifications or testing for various biodegradability claims (such as the BPA certification for industrial composting)
Further in line with the position articulated by the European Commission as well as major CPG companies, Ubuntoo recommends that "biodegradable" plastics should not be considered a solution for littering (or worse a license to litter). Appropriate collection and end-of-life solutions (such as industrial composting or home composting) need to be put into place to avoid biodegradable plastics ending up as litter in the environment.
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Evoware is a socially responsible enterprise that promotes an environmentally friendly lifestyle and provides innovative value to urban society.
Indonesia is the world’s second biggest plastic waste contributor to the ocean. Evoware provides an eco-solution alternative that can solve plastic waste problems. Their products are eco- friendly, biodegradable or even edible and healthy for the body. They use seaweed as raw material. It has an impact on not just the environment but also on the livelihood of seaweed farmers.
Seaweed-Based Packaging A large volume of seaweed production is not used, and most seaweed farmers are poor due to a long marketing chain and loan sharks. Evoware collaborates with local seaweed farmers to provide best quality seaweed for the material that can give you many benefits. The seaweed-based packaging patent has been granted and has also received halal and safety guarantee certificate. Its properties are:
It dissolves in warm water, making it a zerowaste product.
It has 2 years shelf life, even without preservative.
Safe to eat and produced in compliance with HACCP standards.
Nutritious, contains high fiber, vitamins and minerals.
Can be customized to give specific taste, color and brand logo.
Printable and heat sealable. The material is almost tasteless and odorless.
Seaweed-based packaging last for 2 years in a cool and dry place. They have two grades-edible and biodegradable:
Edible grade is used as food wrap (burger wrap, sandwiches, bread, etc) (21cm x 21cm); coffee sachet (6cm x 6cm); dryseasoning sachet (5cm x 4.5cm).
Biodegradable grade packaging is used for soap packaging and comes in two sizes (7cm x 7cm) and (12cm x 7.5cm).
It has been extensively covered in local and international media and press including BBC, Daily Mail, Business Insider, Rueters, iNews etc. Many prestigious international organisations like FAO, World Economic Forum have also covered them. It has already won six awards: Semifinalist of Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge, Elsevier (Berlin), One of the 10Best Food Startups, New Plastic Economy Innovation Prize, Idea Category Winner of Social Venture Challenge Asia, National Intellectual Property Award (Inventor Category) from Indonesian Ministry of Justice and Human Rights to name a few.