The term "biodegradable" has been used over the past few years, to describe plastics or packaging that could potentially be metabolized by microorganisms in nature, with complete breakdown to CO2/Methane, water and biomass. However, there is significant confusion and controversy surrounding biodegradable plastics since many suppliers have used the term to loosely describe their material/packaging without specifying the conditions under which the material would degrade in nature. For instance, some plastics (like PLA) will only degrade under industrial composting conditions, while some others (like PHA) can break down under a wider range of conditions and environments (industrial, backyard, marine). Given this widespread confusion and the misuse of the "biodegradable" term, many global government and industry organizations have issued guidelines to restrict or eliminate the unqualified use of biodegradable as a descriptor of plastics or packaging. These include the European Commission guidelines (European Plastics Strategy) and the Federal Trade Commission Green Guides in the US.
In line with such guidelines, Ubuntoo's recommends that companies providing biodegradable materials, products or packaging:
1.Avoid unqualified use of the term "biodegradable" to describe their products
2.Any claim of biodegradability should be accompanied by a description of specific conditions and environments under which the material or product will undergo degradation in nature
3.It is strongly recommended that companies provide globally accepted certifications or testing for various biodegradability claims (such as the BPA certification for industrial composting)
Further in line with the position articulated by the European Commission as well as major CPG companies, Ubuntoo recommends that "biodegradable" plastics should not be considered a solution for littering (or worse a license to litter). Appropriate collection and end-of-life solutions (such as industrial composting or home composting) need to be put into place to avoid biodegradable plastics ending up as litter in the environment.
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Over 85% of India’s waste can be recycled yet 90% sits in landfills today.
Citizengage preserves value of waste at source and connects communities, businesses, waste collectors, energy producers, and recyclers through transparent transactions.
Their aim is to develop a network to create smarter, cleaner, healthier neighborhoods and better civic services. It helps communities and businesses maintain value of their waste at source. Their collectors and processors turn this waste into new products. Together, they reduce landfills, power clean energy, and build recycling economies.
Their technology platform combines the latest in mobility, IoT, algorithms and analytics to measure, track, monitor, and control the entire cycle of waste to resource conversions.
Their platform is a single point of contact for businesses and residential complexes to receive:
Daily collection: they collect wet, dry, and reject waste on a daily basis and ensure any other waste is dealt with responsibility as well.
Training for proper segregation: interactive and data driven feedback modules provide specific feedback to tenants and staff so that segregation at source become a reality for them.
Waste training and process improvement: their GPS tracking system allow process improvements.
Digital invoicing: it allows to have a clear record of what is happening each month.
Audit and regular inspections: they are standardizing infrastructure systems, policies, and behavior to give customers analytics on what is going wrong, where and how to fix it.
Sustainable waste management: they want to ensure that the maximum amount of waste is reused or recycled.
Benchmarking: it is possible to see how each building, neighbors and competitors are doing.
System optimization: they adapt the best practices from others in their vertical and tailor depending on each client's specific constraints.
Citizengage builds technology for people involved in waste management, starting with waste in Bangalore. Their products and services connect residential and commercial waste generators to their trash collectors and dump while giving materials vendors the chance to source and price high for each pick up based on quantity.
Social Entrepreneur building technology to fundamentally alter essential service performance in cities at a global scale with experience in energy, water, and waste. Berkeley grad with research experience at MIT's Poverty Action Lab and the Center for Global Development in Washington, DC. Built strategic operations and priced natural gas contracts at EnerNOC, the global leader in demand response and partner to Tesla for the Powerwall. Part of the founding team for NextDrop, India's first civic tech startup facilitating information flows on water distribution. Started Citizengage, a platform for recycling economies, to transform how waste, energy, and operations are managed in our built environment.