The term "biodegradable" has been used over the past few years, to describe plastics or packaging that could potentially be metabolized by microorganisms in nature, with complete breakdown to CO2/Methane, water and biomass. However, there is significant confusion and controversy surrounding biodegradable plastics since many suppliers have used the term to loosely describe their material/packaging without specifying the conditions under which the material would degrade in nature. For instance, some plastics (like PLA) will only degrade under industrial composting conditions, while some others (like PHA) can break down under a wider range of conditions and environments (industrial, backyard, marine). Given this widespread confusion and the misuse of the "biodegradable" term, many global government and industry organizations have issued guidelines to restrict or eliminate the unqualified use of biodegradable as a descriptor of plastics or packaging. These include the European Commission guidelines (European Plastics Strategy) and the Federal Trade Commission Green Guides in the US.
In line with such guidelines, Ubuntoo's recommends that companies providing biodegradable materials, products or packaging:
1.Avoid unqualified use of the term "biodegradable" to describe their products
2.Any claim of biodegradability should be accompanied by a description of specific conditions and environments under which the material or product will undergo degradation in nature
3.It is strongly recommended that companies provide globally accepted certifications or testing for various biodegradability claims (such as the BPA certification for industrial composting)
Further in line with the position articulated by the European Commission as well as major CPG companies, Ubuntoo recommends that "biodegradable" plastics should not be considered a solution for littering (or worse a license to litter). Appropriate collection and end-of-life solutions (such as industrial composting or home composting) need to be put into place to avoid biodegradable plastics ending up as litter in the environment.
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The BNL Clean Energy Group provides standardized modular, Zero Emission, Zero Residue, Clean Energy plants for biomass and waste-to-energy solutions.
The BNL Clean Energy Group provides all services required for the planning, projecting, installing, operations and maintenance of their Zero Emission Zero Residue Clean Energy plant. BNL Clean Energy Group develops, markets and implements zero emission clean energy plants and related solutions for industrial energy supply and public utilities.
Their zero emission clean energy plants generate electricity, process steam, energy for district heating and cooling as well as seawater desalination. Using most carbon-containing materials, including biomass, plastics, used tires and waste, their proprietary thermo-chemical process converts fuel gases into synthetic liquid hydrocarbons such as diesel, kerosene or fuel oil. Their patented closed system produces energy without any emissions at all, completely neutralizing the impact of emissions on the environment. In addition, all residues, including ash, metal and sulfur, are completely recycled by their clean recycling system. With a zero emission - zero residue BNL Clean Energy plant, you can generate energy from biomass and all kinds of green waste.
BNL Clean Energy plants are uniquely flexible to different kinds of feedstock as well as mixes of those and variations in the flow. They can process not only prepared forms of biomass, like wood chips, but also more voluminous and more humid alternatives. Green waste from the clearing of forests or along power lines, highways or railway embankments, grass from public parks, hay and straw from agriculture plus leftovers from plantations of rice, sugarcane, olives, seaweed and algae from beach cleaning, peat, infested wood, storm wood, digestate from biogas plants, biomass is a fully renewable feedstock. High quality biomass has to be purchased, but anything considered to be green waste is often available free of charge.
The BNL Clean Energy plant can also convert mixed old waste to valuable clean energy.
Mikael holds an MSc in Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture from Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden. He has built a reputation as an internationally renowned industrial engineer and incredibly gifted plant designer.Waste incineration, energy distribution and power generation runs in his DNA, since he grew up as the son of a commissioning engineer. The combination of this family background and his formal degrees has given Mikael the opportunity to prove his multiple capacities in positions such as process engineer, technical consultant, commissioning engineer and risk manager at a number of globally renowned Swiss enterprises.