The term "biodegradable" has been used over the past few years, to describe plastics or packaging that could potentially be metabolized by microorganisms in nature, with complete breakdown to CO2/Methane, water and biomass. However, there is significant confusion and controversy surrounding biodegradable plastics since many suppliers have used the term to loosely describe their material/packaging without specifying the conditions under which the material would degrade in nature. For instance, some plastics (like PLA) will only degrade under industrial composting conditions, while some others (like PHA) can break down under a wider range of conditions and environments (industrial, backyard, marine). Given this widespread confusion and the misuse of the "biodegradable" term, many global government and industry organizations have issued guidelines to restrict or eliminate the unqualified use of biodegradable as a descriptor of plastics or packaging. These include the European Commission guidelines (European Plastics Strategy) and the Federal Trade Commission Green Guides in the US.
In line with such guidelines, Ubuntoo's recommends that companies providing biodegradable materials, products or packaging:
1.Avoid unqualified use of the term "biodegradable" to describe their products
2.Any claim of biodegradability should be accompanied by a description of specific conditions and environments under which the material or product will undergo degradation in nature
3.It is strongly recommended that companies provide globally accepted certifications or testing for various biodegradability claims (such as the BPA certification for industrial composting)
Further in line with the position articulated by the European Commission as well as major CPG companies, Ubuntoo recommends that "biodegradable" plastics should not be considered a solution for littering (or worse a license to litter). Appropriate collection and end-of-life solutions (such as industrial composting or home composting) need to be put into place to avoid biodegradable plastics ending up as litter in the environment.
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Aizome Bedding is entirely organic and made from only two plants without hidden extras: no polyester, no heavy metals, no micro-plastics, no formaldehyde, no chemicals.
Conventional textiles and bedding (even some labeled “organic”) use synthetic dyes and chemicals, such as petroleum, coal tar and various toxic heavy metals. These compounds are known to cause and exacerbate skin irritation and allergies, making for an uncomfortable and thus interrupted sleep. The World Bank estimates that 17 to 20 percent of industrial water pollution comes from textile dyeing and finishing treatment given to fabric.
Aizome Bedding uses only organic cotton and natural indigo. No chemicals are used in the production of the bed linens, so there is nothing to irritate the skin. The resulting indigo-dyed fabric is also naturally antimicrobial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory. All of their bed linens are dermatologically tested for added assurance.
The idea of using natural plant dyes is not new as Japan has long recognized the medicinal qualities of indigo, which is evident by its long history of producing beautiful and functional indigo-dyed textiles.
Modern textile industry, however, demands mass production at the lowest price. Consequently, natural dyes have been replaced globally by cheaper and synthetic versions mixed with toxic chemicals, at a heavy cost to human health and the environment.
Using a modern and innovative approach, Aizome Bedding has updated traditional Japanese dyeing techniques and made plant-based dyeing commercially viable.
The company started selling in February 2019 and has since been selling in 43 countries through its online store.
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Tokyo, Japan, Asia
Stage of Development
Scale Up TRL 8
Value Chain Impact
Product / Package
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